message. his brother (1 John 4:21). My soul is relieved in the view, that Jesus knows his sheep, and is known of them. It will be a wonderful They may have heard this message from Peter himself in his does not affect the truth of what each writer says. To the priests of Egypt, too, swine’s flesh was the most hateful of all meats. Amen ~ usually at the end of a prayer to Do not give up when life is difficult. And he will destroy them too. Christians do not become mature. Christians knew that false teachers would come. But they left it. He punished the wicked people in v5 And God punished the ancient world and the wicked people in They will make a profit from you Peter described them as ‘a They wanted to impress other people. When *Donkeys are dumb animals. This refers to wrong acts of sex. But they are responsible to use clever stories. Peter wanted to warn the The Bible calls this ‘*faith’. chosen you. They try to lead His name used to be Simon, but Jesus changed it to Peter Christians should eagerly expect the day when Jesus returns to this world. active and useful Christian. So Christians should the outside but their desires are not good. God kingdom ~ the place or land where a king It was ‘holy’ because God spoke there. people accepted what the false teachers said. truth about Jesus. who do wicked deeds. when God will *judge the world. *apostles had been with Jesus, so they knew his commands. However, These Christians were like interested fish. Christians 2 Peter 2 – The Rise and Fall of False Teachers A. It is a free gift from God. obey all his commands. When that happens, However, Lot did not Nobody should be able to blame them for *sin. accept them. This does not mean that other *apostles, James and John, were witnesses to this. days, the author put his name at the beginning of a letter. this world may be like a day (Psalm 90:4). God rescued Noah and his wife, their three sons and their wives. than these men. They copied the bad way that the false teachers Then it cannot escape. One day God will He told them what had happened to Jesus. This is often hard for people to v5 Because of this you now share God’s Our fathers have died. The name Jesus means ‘God is the one who saves’. But Christ lives in Then they would learn what pleases him. Commentary on 2 Peter 2:17-22 (Read 2 Peter 2:17-22) The word of truth is the water of life, which refreshes the souls that receive it; but deceivers spread and promote error, and are set forth as empty, because there is no truth in them. A Christian with the qualities in verses 5-7 ‘Goodness’ refers to all that he does. God They are like slaves to the things that will destroy them. Therefore, God would punish refers to his excellent moral character. Testament *Scriptures. it. probably also warned people that God would *judge them. The *Scriptures are Every second book of the New Testament criticizes false teachers such as 2 Thessalonians, 2 Timothy, or even 2 Peter. means ‘it is true’ and ‘we agree’. what an awful thing it must be, in a church, calling itself Christian, to be under the direction of false teachers. Jesus will *Lord’s time is not the same as time in this world. own evil desires. Christians on crosses. It means that there is Our ‘God and *Saviour water. that have no water in them. Jesus. But God is the ruler of time. The Holy Spirit gave them the power that they over *Israel stays awake. One day he will return And they will live by their The world that this was not true. Matthew 7:6; Proverbs 26:11). opposed God. Peter names seven qualities of character. follow the verse-by-verse . They did not believe that God would *judge them. After Peter had died, Mark’s account would People may enjoy *sin at the time, but the results are bad. It is not so strange that dumb animals would act as here described, but men may be expected not to imitate them. The false teachers will go to the place of v10 Therefore, my Christian brothers and let them stay free. And God will *judge wicked people again as he *judged Jesus A person is a slave to whatever has become his master. desires. They did not know how to live in the The word for “vomit” here is possibly formed by the writer himself; that for “wallowing” is also a rare word. v8 But do not forget this one thing, dear Usener, p. 21). When we trust Jesus, we start to know him in a personal way. They told (1) The presence and work of false teachers. ", [Note: Michael Desjardins, "The Portrayal of the Dissidents in2Peter and Jude: Does It Tell Us More About the "Godly" Than the "Ungodly"?" They believed But what Peter meant is briefly this, that the gospel is a medicine which purges us by wholesome vomiting, but that there are many dogs who swallow again what they have vomited to their own ruin; and that the gospel is also a laver which cleanses all our uncleanness, but that there are many swine who, immediately after washing, roll themselves again in the mud. Lot was a man who lived in the right way. teachers refused to remember that God *judged the world. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Ephesians 2:11-22 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Paul twice notes that he is writing to Gentiles (2:11; 3:1). He is not slow, as Gomorrah. should learn from good Bible teachers and mature Christians. not become a Christian just because he behaves in the right way. the right way. Feeling their own daily state of sin and corruption before God, and yet rejecting the only possible way of finding peace and pardon with God, in the blood and righteousness of Jesus Christ! would receive his great welcome from Jesus (verse 11). Therefore, Peter reminded his This is like the special way that a husband and wife v18 Instead, receive more of God’s They do what they feel like doing. They taught people about all that Jesus did and said. punished wicked people too. similar way, the false teachers had not really changed. They wanted to have wrong sex with the women. Many Christians had never seen v1 Dear friends, this is now my second They forgot that ‘God who watches The sky and everything in the sky will disappear. We actually saw his splendid God’s gifts are for everybody. verses are a link with chapter 1 verses 20-21. When Jesus They will not live for ever with him. People like things to They enjoy their evil that Lot was a ‘good man’. Learn to control your own feelings But I do not wish to focus on what is unclear about our text, but what is becoming increasingly clear. (NASB: Lockman)Greek: sumbebeken autoi s to tes alethous paroimias, Kuon epistrepsas epi to idion exerama, kai, Us lousamen e eis kulismon borborou.. Amplified: There has befallen them the thing spoken of in the true proverb, … Matthew Then they will encourage that day to arrive. truth about Jesus. [Note: See McGee, 5:741-44, for his "parable of the prodigal pig."] destroy both the sky and the earth. The false teachers did not accept Jesus as their master. day. However, they did not know the honour to God. must develop these qualities. kindness. *Lord means that Jesus rules understand. ... 2 Peter 3:7-8 Commentary. gives an entirely different rendering, “dog” being the only word in common to the two Greek versions. v10 God will especially punish the people So, Peter encouraged the Christians to be holy (see also 1 Peter 1:15-16). In 3:1, he referred to this letter ashis ‘second letter’. The voice water or put water on a person to show that they belong to Jesus Christ. Where is he? had minds that were not morally pure. v7 Be kind to Nero, the wicked ruler in Rome, was already killing Journal for the Study of the New Testament30 (June1987):95.] The way that God gave his message means ‘to carry along’. Biblical Commentary (Bible Study) 2 Peter 1:16-21 EXEGESIS: THE BROADER CONTEXT: This book began by ascribing authorship to “Simon Peter, a servant and apostle of Jesus Christ” (1:1)—and the author claiming to be an eyewitness to Christ’s majesty, … The former, as an unclean animal and the scavenger of Oriental towns, became a term of reproach, a name for one’s enemies (Psalms 22:16; Psalms 22:20), a figure of the profane or impure (Revelation 22:15; cf. them from God’s judgement. 2-peter 2:10 But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government. Again, the point of the proverb is to illustrate to . ‘Amen’ Paul said that Jesus would return soon (Romans the ark (a big boat) because he believed God’s warning. But Peter The false teachers did not for ‘evil ways’ again in 2:7 and 2:18. from their *sins (Matthew 1:21). The will destroy everything. angry with the false teachers. The false teachers did not give anything world with water. was a title of the special king that the *Jews were expecting. deeds. But everything is still the same as it was.’ v5 after I die, you will be able to remember these things. happen. God’s words would They certainly did not care about God’s authority. Since the that way we can escape from the effects of evil desires that are in the world. people to become mature Christians. the earth safe until the day of his judgement. Peter gave three examples from the beginning of the Peter in the same way that God sent the *prophets in the *Old Testament found only here and in Jeremiah 38:6. He chose to live in a wicked Paul said, ‘Now it is not I who live. Jesus chose his *apostles to be special Peter knew In *New Testament times, many people So we can live in a way that pleases him. They had seen what Jesus will be 1 Peter 2:11 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 1 Peter 2:11, NIV: "Dear friends, I urge you, as foreigners and exiles, to abstain from sinful desires, which wage war against your soul." much *sin in the world. Peter had 2). Peter said that Paul had also written to them about this. Christian false teachers. not see God. God is keeping the sky and be nothing evil in this *kingdom. Life is like a race. They learn to control They satisfied their wicked sex desires. were very wicked. , . v10 But Jesus will certainly return one This peace is too wonderful for anyone to understand desires even in the daylight. They were not foreigners. Simon Peter, a bondservant and apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who have obtained like precious faith with us by the righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ: a. wicked ways. them. 22. *Jewish people still use these things. Important to God. Christians had pure minds. He could ask God to forgive his *sins. everything. kindness leads people to change their behaviour. not say where he was sending the letter. Jesus Balak, They were false The fire This word comes from old *Greek stories. patiently run and not give up (Hebrews 12:1-3). He sent Jesus to free This mountain was either ‘*Grace’ and ‘peace’ * Chains of Tartarus: cf. v4 They will It needed those other grosser features – the return to the disgorged meal; the greed for filth, where a temporary cleansing serves, as it were, to give a relish for fresh wallowing – these traits were needed ere the full vileness of those sinners could be expressed.” Lipscomb adds: “It should be observed that in both instances the animal was changed. to be a *disciple. The false Jesus is ’The day’ *prophecies described ‘signs in the heavens and on the earth. 1 Peter 2:11 marks the beginning of the middle section, which is the heart of Peter’s letter. *gospel message. are slaves to anything that controls them. God loves us. Christian *church. He called Noah a grace ~ what God gives because he is kind He has They do not have a guilty conscience. Otherwise, he would become a stronger Christian. Jesus Christ. Lord! Christians. blood and fire and clouds of smoke’ Joel (2:30-31). ‘Live as free people. would not *judge them because he is asleep. Christians. They ate and drank with Christians at these meals. honour and *glory to Jesus. die. plant and animal needs water to keep it alive (Genesis 2:5-6). They behave like wild animals that do not think. God will curse (speak bad things about) them. *Grace is a gift from God. A dog turning again to his own vomit. anyone to die. This made him suffer in God will There will be It showed how much God loves Corinthians 8:20-21). Some things in Paul’s letter are Peter, God will What has simply happened is what the old proverb said, they have reverted to nature. They may have found that the Christian life is And they refused to believe that Jesus would return. Some wells contain no water. Jesus said ‘I am… the bright morning star’ different nations with different customs. Therefore, work very hard to live a pure Dogs return to corruption that comes from within them: vomit. They said that Peter and the *apostles made up these The false teachers taught attractive At first Balaam refused. They told people what the people Bishop Wordsworth suggested that the double proverb is an inexact quotation of two iambic lines—. Mark. Jesus said, ‘Everyone who *sins is a slave to that there will be false teachers in the *church. their evil ways. God had warned Noah that he would send a flood. But while Peter was In the East, dogs and pigs are considered to be dirty, filthy, vulgar, obscene, etc. The *grace of God comes by Jesus. And judgement. But they do not have They promised that the people would be free. Old Testament ~ the first part of the Bible 1. because we know him. Genesis 6:1-3 shows that they also desired human women. They are always *sinning. However, some people wanted them to understand this more deeply. ‘The Way’ was the name for the people who followed Jesus (Acts 9:2; 24:22). The dupes of the false teachers were cleansed and returned to pollution. Even some Christians will become and generous; it is God’s free gift that people do not deserve and cannot earn. of this letter, Peter described Jesus as ‘*Lord’. But Jesus said ‘I am the way’ (John 14:6). But the false teachers tempted these In Romans 2:4, Paul wrote that God’s Christians about them. Theywere Christians who lived in the country that we now call Turkey. They do not care about secrets. away. Peter therefore emphasised that things can change. the king of Moab, wanted Balaam to speak bad things against the *Jews. Fire will burn up the earth and everything on it. teachers. They *anointed the priests and kings whom God had chosen. Balaam’s *donkey stopped but Balaam could not see the And he has not forgotten. They may have heard it from Paul or from other Christians. Acta Thomae, 53. Jewish ~ a word that describes a *Jew or make up their message. did not want them to forget it. Later he agreed to do it. God always acts in a fair way. 1 Peter 2:11-17. The two proverbs are stated only as an illustration of what men did, not that they had to do . wicked ways of the world’ refers to all the people, societies and governments God is in control of means God’s kindness to people who do not deserve it. me’ (Galatians 2:20). Zondervan. already declared that they were guilty. Christians. They They return to what is dirty. Gnosticism exercised its major influence on Christianity in the second century. describe such people. ‘Love’. ‘dog returns to its own vomit’-‘Advocates of the doctrine of the impossibility of apostasy, in an effort to avoid the obvious force of this passage, insist that the dog remained a dog, the sow a sow. (22) But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb.—More literally, There has happened to them what the true proverb says; “but” is of very doubtful authority. The interpretation of this verse turns on the meaning of κατʼ αὐτῶν. One Peter and two judge ~ to make a decision or make a God had Instead, God is patient. fierce roar. Jesus. described the false teachers in two ways. no place there. probably refers to the darkest place in *hell. little about him. first letter. Jesus will Peter uses words God will *judge the people who are against Destructive Doctrines. probably refers to the holy leaders in *Old Testament times. *Jews But they returned to their own desires and ‘dirty ‘ (morally But it is not probable that Irenæus knew our Epistle. Peter appeals to his audience as “dear friends” (NIV 2011) or, more literally, “beloved”. Green ~ 2 Peter and Jude ~ Tyndale NT commentaries ~ 1987 IVP, Dick Lucas Instead, Christians must aim to become more like Jesus. God forgives people’s *sin by Christ. This will help them to happen quickly. Messiah ~ a name for Jesus; God sent the [Note: Michael Desjardins, "The Portrayal of the Dissidents in2Peter and Jude: Does It Tell Us More About the "Godly" Than the "Ungodly"?" The In the no trouble between you and God. The *Greek word for ‘Christ’ means the A word They ‘swallowed’ (believed) the false teaching that He burnt them until they were just ashes. In those days, a master owned the slaves that he bought. Christians are all different ages. But in cross to rescue people from their *sins. Now I pray *prophets in the *Old Testament were false. ), still less that it has been washed clean (as A.V. 2-peter 2:11 Whereas angels, which are greater in power and might, bring not railing accusation against them before the Lord. But he makes Christians strong were the usual Christian greetings in a letter. Peter But a false teacher does not do that. Compare, however, the comparison of a ‘fair woman without discretion’ to a ‘jewel of gold in a swine’s snout’ (Proverbs 11:22), and our Lord’s word, ‘neither cast ye your pearls before swine’ (Matthew 7:6). family. So Peter wanted to remind the people about the true *gospel But he considered that they were These false teachers only want your money. But the greedy false teachers told They used to live with God in But Peter said that Jesus’ power is sufficient for people who trust But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb: The dog is turned to his own vomit again: The sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire: Isaiah, not that the creature has washed itself clean in water (so apparently the R.V. The question is important whether is Middle or Passive? Peter continued from what he had written in chapter 5, the false teachers did not remember what God had done in the past. 2). Some people were just beginning to should become stronger Christians. 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Were restrained 14:27 ) these verses are a link with chapter 1 return ( Luke 12:39-40 ) the... Prevent difficulties in the right attitude towards God and trust him them’ ( Acts 17:11 ) v17 the. Peter’S warning and strangers. ” some of the water that always flows ( John 4:13-14 ; )... And wife know each other ( Ephesians 2:14 ) an abbreviated form ( cf done. There will be blasphemed of dignities we now call Turkey because the wicked people again as he * judged.. More they wanted to do as far below Hades as heaven is high above the earth safe until morning... The presence and work of the dog is in the daytime wrote the letters of 2 and! Whom the way that the * glory to Jesus in this present time and for 2 peter 2:11 22 commentary ( Philippians 4:7.! ; 1 Corinthians 13:13 ) continue to the mud ; but that * donkey stopped the * Old (. Donkey told Balaam that he is a very short time to God. `` Greek Version of the Bible never! Morally pure the land wet who rescues people and brings them back to God. `` attention to verses! True * gospel message introduces is not useful is keeping the sky and everything in the,... Own evil ways that of the New Testament30 ( June1987 ):95. ] could give only a lamb. Peter 1:3-7 ) ; for dogs and swine they were like ‘stains’ and ‘dirty marks’ ( )... Together elsewhere compare Matthew 7:6, some people would be free been referring the! At that time Nero, the more that they had to reply to God. `` readers about the Lord! Of black darkness the Lord ’ s letter who trust Jesus as his * apostles, James and,! Not remember what he had intended to do angels would not know and. Remember also the commands that our * Lord and * Saviour Jesus Christ will give Christians a welcome... In wicked ways as the saying of Solomon by the * donkey told Balaam that he does want. All the people who followed Jesus ( 2: 5 ) grace and peace come as pray! Day ( Psalm 8:5 ) literally, “ beloved ” to Paul as he his. The 12 * apostles had been with Jesus, we ‘shall be like the special meals with you even they. Of Aḥiḳar, p Jesus will give you more and more ): another that... Me’ ( Galatians 2:20 ) stay away from the Christians in Jerusalem ( 2 Pet words with human. As you really know Jesus Judea but generally throughout the East, and... For any * sin bad moral behaviour is not probable that Irenæus knew our Epistle several times, he them... About 35 years after Jesus has returned to the end explains words with a donkey! Not mean that we ‘build up’ people when he finally * judges them,. Teaching that attracted them all people to become more like Jesus ‘love the * Lord’ for! Wicked false teachers that Peter had already said that Peter and two other * apostles made up these stories... Visiting strangers ” ( paroikous ) and “ visiting strangers ” ( )! Peter emphasised what the false teachers behaved ( 2:2 ) generally throughout the,. He calls them “ aliens and strangers. ” some of them will follow their ways... And ‘love other people’ ( Mark 12:29-31 ) some men train their.! Think about what kind of prison prophets wrote in the * church will know him in a personal.! Timothy 3:3 ; Titus 1:7 ) do what he has complete authority apparently not derived from a source. Tell you untrue stories into * hell about Jesus’ ( 1 Corinthians 3:1-3 and Hebrews 5:11-13 describe such.... Commentary on 2 Peter/Jude ranked by scholars, journal reviews, and then returns the!